Centuries ago, the desert floors, hills, and mountains of Pacific Coastal South America were covered by vast networks of drawings: lines and geometric shapes, figures of mammals, insects, and deities. The Nazca Lines, discovered in 1927, are the most extraordinary legacy left by a culture that flourished over 2,000 years ago. These lines, and other geoglyphs, are a series of complex designs, some miles long, which can only be seen in their true dimension from the sky. The pre-Columbian Nazca culture is not believed to have been capable of flight, but the question still remains as to how they crafted the drawings, what technology they used and what purpose the lines served.
The town of Nazca was founded in 1591 by the Spanish Conquistadores on the Nazca Plateau, without any knowledge of what lay nearby. Today Nazca is a sleepy little town, slowly developing, where the main economic activity is based on tourism of the lines, agriculture and trade. Tourism is directly related to the Nazca Lines and other archaeological complexes such as Cahuachi, Estaquería, Chauchilla Tombs, and the Palpa Valley Lines.
Who drew the Nazca Lines?
Ancient religion? Aliens from outer space? Ancient astronomers? A megalomaniacal artist? Water sources? Since discovery in 1927, then exploration by American scientist Paul Kosok and German mathematician Maria Reiche in 1939, and through the continuing efforts of Maria Reiche for more than 50 years, the Nazca lines have remained a perplexing enigma of scholars. Originally thought to be the remains of irrigation lines beyond the verdant Nazca valley, it wasn't until they were seen from the air that the lines were fully recognizable as the vast network of incredible artifacts that they are.
There are many hypotheses about these amazing geoglyphs, such as Erich von Daniken who argued in "Chariots of the Gods?" that they are the remains of a giant extraterrestrial airport! However, reality is often much more mysterious than fantasy, and that is the case with Nazca, and other artifacts of the cultures of ancient Peru. Long before the Inca ruled the Four Kingdoms, the extinct cultures of Nazca, Paracas, Casma, Caral, and elsewhere (such as Chile's Atacama desert), were calculating the passing of time and seasons, and constructing some of the oldest cities in the world!
New science about the Nazca Lines?
As science progresses we learn more about the civilizations possibly responsible for Nazca and other geoglyphs, but also about the possible reasons for their creation. Including the latest Aurora relationship with geoglyphs the world over!
The most complete Nazca website!
NazcaMystery.com includes 1,000's of photos and articles covering: Nazca (Nasca), Palpa, Ingenio, Casma, Sechin, Chankillo, Caral, Canto Grande, Tambo Colorado, Atacama, Paracas, Pinchango Alto, Los Molinos, Toro Muerto, Pisco, Pachacamac, Cantayo, Chauachi, Chauchilla, and much more! Use the main menu at right to start your journey!